Grip-it & Slip-it!

There’s grip on the other side of slip, I was advised by a fellow corner worker (and much better autocrosser) one year at the SCCA Dixie National Tour event. I want to explain what I think he meant and then add to it.

The figure shows the typical shape of a modern high-performance street tire’s lateral force vs. slip angle curve, starting from the transition section and continuing some distance beyond the peak.

slip

As autocrossers, we couldn’t care less what happens to the left of line A. But, take a look at B to C after the peak. Not much of anything happens, really, except the tire keeps on gripping after the peak is reached, even as more and more of the contact patch starts to slide. Look how gradual the decrease. That’s the grip on the other side of slip.

What does this mean to us as autocrossers who don’t care about tire wear? It means we don’t worry about exceeding the peak! If we operate anywhere in the range from A to C we are doing well. The tighter around the peak, the better.

Now, another thing to notice: Look at the graph and estimate the average Force value between A and B. Now do the same for the average Force value from B to C. Which one is greater? The average Force from B to C is higher. If we have to choose between A-B or B-C, B-C has the higher average grip level. We will be faster there, going around a corner, on the other side of the peak.

There’s one drawback to operating beyond the peak in the range B-C: some folks will accuse us of over-driving. My answer? “Yeah, I know. I’m working on it.” Then I just keep on grippin’ & slippin’.

No Corners, No Straights

Autocross courses have no corners or straights. At least not an SCCA National-type course. An autocross course is fundamentally different from all the various race tracks around the world. What is such an autocross course like then, the type you will have to master to reach the highest levels of the sport? A good autocross course is a ribbon path of varying width and varying radii, where width and radii alternate, blend and morph in rapid succession.

When you walk the course be aware of how the “track” width changes, in concert, or not, with the radii change. See that morphing ribbon out there among those orange cones! Then, plan the fastest path through it. Sometimes you have a choice of line, where the track is wide, and sometimes you don’t. Sometimes a wide-open track indicates or allows a “straight”, if you choose to make it so, and sometimes that’s the course designer playing with your rigid mind. Sometimes a cone is not only the limit of the course but is a distraction trying to suck you in, to make you think, “Hey, that’s the edge of the ‘track’ so I’d better be close to it. Use up all the track, they say.” Well, yes, the course extends to that cone, but the proper path may not lie anywhere near it.

Thinking in terms of corners and straights within a path of essentially constant width will hold you back. Stop doing it. I’m sorry to have to tell you this, but Autocross is much more complicated than that.